Ecuador Weather Center

Ecuador Weather Center

Ecuador Weather

The weather in Ecuador is exceptionally difficult to predict. There are virtually countless microclimates due to extremely varied topography that cause varied weather in neighboring geographical locations.

One generalization that can be made is that the temperature is usually colder the higher the altitude. Still, people in Quito and much of the Andes have a saying, “We have four seasons in a single day.” Although the temperature does not vary much throughout the course of the year – the country does straddle the equator – Ecuador’s rainy season coincides with winter months in the northern hemisphere. The links above will hopefully aid in short term and long term planning. The information is provided by a major international weather forecasting company. Also see the packing section to aid in your travel preparations.

 The Galápagos Islands

Weather in the Galápagos Islands is largely determined by ocean currents. Normally from June to December, the cold Humboldt Current comes from the South and creates an inversion that traps a cool moist fog called a garúa near the ocean which creates a cool, dry climate. Typically in December, the trade winds die down and the ocean currents change, bathing the Galapagos in the warm Panama Current from the North. The warm currents bring about a typical tropical weather pattern: hot sunny mornings followed by clouds and occasional showers in the afternoons. Use the following as a rough guideline:

  • June to December: cool, cloudy and dry;
  • December to June: warm, sunny and wet.

El Niño and La Niña

The El Niño and La Niña phenomena (El Niño / La Niña  Southern Oscillation, El Niño Southern Oscillation or ENSO) can complicate the climate on both Ecuador’s mainland and in its Galápagos Islands. During an El Niño, ocean currents warm and raise the air temperature, causing precipitation. ENSO also drastically disrupts ecosystems and food chains of the islands, potentially causing catastrophic famines in many species largely due to a lack of cold current nutrients. The La Niña phenomenon, also called the anti-El Niño, causes the opposite effect: Ocean temperatures drop and dramatic flooding occurs in Ecuador and northern South America.

Galapagos Average Rainfall Month by Month:







68 mm (3 in)

91 mm
(4 in)

94 mm
(4 in)

72 mm
(3 in)

34 mm
(1 in)









23 mm (1 in)

14 mm
(1 in)

6 mm
(0 in)

6 mm
(0 in)

6 mm
(0 in)

7 mm
(0 in)

30 mm
(1 in)

Related Pages

Provider Spotlight

Free Galapagos Trip Planner at Galapagos Islands .com – easily plan your Galapagos vacation online, find great value, and a wide selection of customized Galapagos cruises and vacations.

Galapagos Tour Experts – Adventure Life Specialize in luxury Galapagos cruises, and land-based Galapagos tours. Adventure Life can help you design the perfect trip to Ecuador. As seen in Outside Magazine, NatGeo, and the New York Times.

Voyager Galapagos Tours haS excellent Galapagos cruise deals & last-minute offers, and land-based Galapagos tours (aka Island Hopping).

Galapagos & Ecuador Insiders use their local expertise to assist you in planning the perfect Galapagos cruise or Ecuador tour for your precise budget, needs, and interests.

Latin Trails craft customized journeys to the Galapagos Islands, the Ecuador mainland, the Amazon rainforest, and Peru. They operate the highly-rated Galapagos cruising yacht: Seaman Journey and the day tour yacht the Galapagos Hopper.

Andando Tours – Pioneers in Galapagos tourism. Two generations of sailing and shipbuilding showcase unparalleled knowledge in creating the most unique Galapagos Cruises. Owners & Operators of S/S Mary Anne & M/Y Passion.

Gulliver Expeditions – Learn more about our Ecuador ToursPeru ToursEcuador Climbing Expeditions, Galapagos Land Tours, and Machu Picchu Tours. Gulliver Expeditions offer fantastic travel experiences since 2005.

Surtrek Galapagos Cruises – has offered exceptional custom-designed trips to the Galapagos for over 20 years. They now bring their brand of off-the-beaten-path trips to other countries in South America such as Peru’s Machu PicchuBolivia’s Uyuni Salt Flats, and Chile’s Atacama Desert.

ViaNatura – provides excellent value Galapagos cruises on the Monserrat yacht, a luxury cruise experience on the Hermes yacht, and a variety of tours in Ecuador and Peru.

Exclusive Galapagos Cruises, part of the EQ Touring group – specializes in private Galapagos yacht charters. They can help your group find the perfect yacht that matches your needs at a price negotiated by a true insider who has been doing charters in the Galapagos for decades.