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Hepatitis A and Typhoid

Hepatitis A and Typhoid

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A, highly endemic throughout the developing world, is a viral disease transmitted principally through contaminated food and water, though transmission may also occur through person-to-person to contact. The risk of Hepatitis A infection is highest for travelers who live in or visit rural areas, spend significant time trekking in the backcountry, and/or eat in restaurants with poor sanitation. Incidence of Hepatitis A in Ecuador has declined over the years but the disease is still common. The Hepatitis A vaccine or immune globulin (IG) is recommended for all South American travelers.

Typhoid Fever

Typhoid Fever is a severe, sometimes life-threatening, illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. Typhoid Fever is common in the developing world, including many parts of Latin America. Therefore, if you are traveling to Latin America you should take the appropriate precautions.

The Salmonella typhi bacterium lives only in humans. Persons infected with Typhoid Fever carry the bacteria in their bloodstream and intestinal tract. In addition, some persons that recover from Typhoid Fever continue to carry the bacteria. They are called carriers. Both persons infected with Typhoid Fever and carriers shed the bacterium in their stool.

Typhoid Fever is generally spread from eating food or drinking beverages that have been handled by a person who is infected with or carrying the Salmonella typhi bacterium and/or if sewage contaminated with the bacterium gets into the water you use for drinking or washing food. Avoid getting Typhoid Fever by getting vaccinated against it, avoiding food and drink you suspect may carry the bacterium, and washing your hands often.

If you contract Typhoid Fever you may suffer from all or some of the following symptoms: a fever as high as 103° to 104° F (39° to 40° C), a rash of flat, rose-colored spots, weakness, stomach pains, headache, and loss of appetite. See a doctor immediately if you think you have Typhoid Fever. Deaths rarely occur when the disease is diagnosed and treated early. You will probably be given an antibiotic to treat the diseases, and after the treatment is begun, people usually begin to feel better within a few days.

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Provider Spotlight

Free Galapagos Trip Planner at Galapagos Islands .com – easily plan your Galapagos vacation online, find great value, and a wide selection of customized Galapagos cruises and vacations.

Galapagos Tour Experts – Adventure Life Specialize in luxury Galapagos cruises, and land-based Galapagos tours. Adventure Life can help you design the perfect trip to Ecuador. As seen in Outside Magazine, NatGeo, and the New York Times.

Voyager Galapagos Tours haS excellent Galapagos cruise deals & last-minute offers, and land-based Galapagos tours (aka Island Hopping).

Galapagos & Ecuador Insiders use their local expertise to assist you in planning the perfect Galapagos cruise or Ecuador tour for your precise budget, needs, and interests.

Latin Trails craft customized journeys to the Galapagos Islands, the Ecuador mainland, the Amazon rainforest, and Peru. They operate the highly-rated Galapagos cruising yacht: Seaman Journey and the day tour yacht the Galapagos Hopper.

Andando Tours – Pioneers in Galapagos tourism. Two generations of sailing and shipbuilding showcase unparalleled knowledge in creating the most unique Galapagos Cruises. Owners & Operators of S/S Mary Anne & M/Y Passion.

Gulliver Expeditions – Learn more about our Ecuador ToursPeru ToursEcuador Climbing Expeditions, Galapagos Land Tours, and Machu Picchu Tours. Gulliver Expeditions offer fantastic travel experiences since 2005.

Surtrek Galapagos Cruises – has offered exceptional custom-designed trips to the Galapagos for over 20 years. They now bring their brand of off-the-beaten-path trips to other countries in South America such as Peru’s Machu PicchuBolivia’s Uyuni Salt Flats, and Chile’s Atacama Desert.

ViaNatura – provides excellent value Galapagos cruises on the Monserrat yacht, a luxury cruise experience on the Hermes yacht, and a variety of tours in Ecuador and Peru.

Exclusive Galapagos Cruises, part of the EQ Touring group – specializes in private Galapagos yacht charters. They can help your group find the perfect yacht that matches your needs at a price negotiated by a true insider who has been doing charters in the Galapagos for decades.